Leading Through Challenging Times: Republic of China's (Taiwan) Sovereignty Issue

Location: Jepson 120
Date: Sat, April 27
Time: 12:50 PM - 1:10 PM

The de-Sinicization process, which started by the ROC presidents Lee Teng-hui (1988-2000) and deepened in the Chen Shui-bian era (2000-2008) created anxiety in the society. The rising influence of the DPP leadership also accelerated the political identity reconstruction from the Chinese to Taiwanese only. However, this effort did not increase the possibility of the new statehood for Taiwan. Instead, it resulted in the inconsistency in the mainland policy between the KMT and the DPP leadership. The aim of the research is to help ROC's two political parties to unite their voice on the mainland policy.

The purpose of this research is to advice Republic of China's (Taiwan) Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) and the Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) on managing relations with the People's Republic of China (PRC). The main research questions are: What is the main reason that prompted the ROC leadership to start the localization process in the early 1980s? How did the relationship evolve between KMT and DPP from the 1980s to 2019 (current)? To what extent does the KMT's and DPP's party charter influence ROC administration's mainland policy from 1990s to 2019 (current)? How does the identity politics influence KMT's and DPP's mainland policy? Is it possible for KMT and DPP to develop consensus on ROC administration's mainland policy and continue to foster the leadership dialogue with P! RC? These study questions will be answered through qualitative document analysis. Case study is the framework that was chosen to conduct the research. The main reason to conduct the research was because the organizational dialogue between Taiwan's Straits Exchange Foundation (SEF) and China's Association for Relations across the Taiwan Straits (ARATS) from 2008 to 2015 showed some progress between the ROC and PRC administrations that the possibilities for the government official dialogue. However, PRC chose to halt the Cross Strait dialogue when voters elected the DPP candidates to be in charge of the government. Both political parties seem to refrain from communicating with the PRC leaders on ROC's political future, instead relied on the US to for Taiwan's security. The political party forum and the organizational dialogue are only effective when the KMT is in charge of the government. By analyzing KMT's and DPP's party charter, it will be helpful to establish consensus within! the ROC political circle on the mainland policy.